This product works as a data bridge between a car’s OBD port and Arduino (or similar hardware) with a dedicated open-source library provided. It provides high-speed OBD-II data access and integrates 9-DOF motion sensor with built-in sensor fusion algorithm. The adapter is powered directly from OBD port and outputs regulated 5V voltage for powering attached devices.
- Access to all standard OBD-II PIDs with ELM327 AT command-set
- Reading and clearing vehicle diagnostic trouble codes (engine & powertrain only)
- Measuring car battery voltage
- Built-in MPU-9250 9-DOF motion sensor
- Built-in quaternion sensor fusion algorithm for precise orientation measurement
- Supplying power for host device (5V up to 2.1A)
- Serial UART data interface compatible with both 3.3V and 5V micro-controllers
- Micro USB port for computer/tablet OBD-II access and firmware upgrade
- Arduino library and example sketches available
- Low power mode @6mA
The adapter plugs into the OBD port usually located under the steering column or slightly to the left of it. To check if your vehicle is OBD-II certified, open your hood and find the sticker that looks like this:
Vehicles using following vehicle protocols are supported.
- CAN 500Kbps/29bit
- CAN 500Kbps/11bit
- CAN 250Kbps/29bit
- CAN 250Kbps/11bit
- KWP2000 Fast
- KWP2000 5Kbps
The OBD-II Adapter is compatible with all Arduino range including Arduino UNO, Arduino Leonardo, Arduino Micro, Arduino Nano, Arduino Mini, Arduino Pro Mini, Arduino MEGA 1280/2560/ADK.
The adapter stays plugged into the OBD port usually located under the steering column or slightly to the left of it. A unpluggable cable comes out from the adapter and splits into one two 2-pin Dupont connectors, including one set for power (VCC/GND) and one set for data (Rx/Tx). They can be connected to Arduino with onboard breakout pins or breakout shield. Your Arduino device will look tidy in car with only one cable. The default serial baud rate is 115200bps and is adjustable by AT command or library API.
Power Connector (2-pin 2.54 Dupont connector)
- Red: VCC (connected with Arduino’s VCC)
- Black: GND (connected with Arduino’s GND)
Data Connector (2-pin 2.54 Dupont connector)
- White: Rx (connected with Arduino’s Tx or Tx1)
- Green: Tx (connected with Arduino’s Rx or Rx1)
- For connection with computer or tablet via micro USB cable
- Allows power output (5V/2.1A)
Extended Command Set
We have extended standard ELM327 command set for following purposes:
- Reading built-in MEMS motion sensor data
- Reading orientation result from sensor fusion computation
- Reading measured car battery voltage
Following are the added commands:
- Function: reading accelerometer data
- Response format: X,Y,Z (in G)
- Function: reading gyroscope data
- Response: X,Y,Z (in degree)
- Function: reading magnetometer data
- Response: X,Y,Z (in milli-Gauss)
- Function: reading temperature data
- Response: temperature (raw) data
- Function: reading car battery voltage
- Response: voltage value
- Function: disable/enable 9-DOF sensor fusion (disabled by default)
- Response: OK
- Function: retrieving orientation parameters from 9-DOF sensor fusion
- Response: <yaw>,<pitch>,<roll> (in degree)
A dedicated Arduino library is provided for easy access to all the features with any type of Arduino.
Some commonly used APIs are like following:
- setBaudRate – set adapter serial baudrate (default 115200bps)
- readPID – read specified OBD-II PID and return parsed value
- clearDTC – clear diagnostic trouble code
- getVoltage – measure car battery voltage
- getVIN – retrieve Vehicle Identification Number
- getTemperature – get device temperature
- memsInit - initialize motion sensor
- memsRead - read motion sensor data
- memsOrientation - retrieve computed orientation data
Some commonly used PIDs are defined in OBD library as following.
- PID_RPM – Engine RPM (rpm)
- PID_ENGINE_LOAD – Calculated engine load (%)
- PID_COOLANT_TEMP – Engine coolant temperature (°C)
- PID_ENGINE_LOAD – Calculated Engine load (%)
- PID_ABSOLUTE_ENGINE_LOAD – Absolute Engine load (%)
- PID_TIMING_ADVANCE – Ignition timing advance (°)
- PID_ENGINE_OIL_TEMP – Engine oil temperature (°C)
- PID_ENGINE_TORQUE_PERCENTAGE – Engine torque percentage (%)
- PID_ENGINE_REF_TORQUE – Engine reference torque (Nm)
- PID_INTAKE_TEMP – Intake temperature (°C)
- PID_INTAKE_PRESSURE – Intake manifold absolute pressure (kPa)
- PID_MAF_FLOW – MAF flow pressure (grams/s)
- PID_BAROMETRIC – Barometric pressure (kPa)
- PID_SPEED – Vehicle speed (km/h)
- PID_RUNTIME – Engine running time (second)
- PID_DISTANCE – Vehicle running distance (km)
- PID_THROTTLE – Throttle position (%)
- PID_AMBIENT_TEMP – Ambient temperature (°C)
- PID_CONTROL_MODULE_VOLTAGE – vehicle control module voltage (V)
- PID_HYBRID_BATTERY_PERCENTAGE – Hybrid battery pack remaining life (%)
Additional defines can be added to access all OBD-II PIDs which the car’s ECU provides.
The following table lists the differences among all Freematics OBD-II adapter models.
|Features \ Models||OBD-II UART Adapter V1||OBD-II UART Adapter V2||OBD-II UART Adapter V2.1|
|Additional Interface||N/A||micro USB||micro USB|
|Motion Sensor||N/A||6-DOF MPU-6050||9-DOF MPU-9250|
|Max. Output Power||2A||2.1A||2.1A|
|Standby Mode Power||5mA||6mA||6mA|
Q: What is this product used for?
A: The most straight-forward use of this product is for making Arduino possible to access vehicle data easily. The OBD-II data, together with other data from GPS or all kinds sensors, can be logged and stored on SD/TF card with Arduino and that makes an open-source vehicle data logger (check out the data logger kits). More extensively, many interesting interaction applications requiring car data can be made.
Q: How is the adapter powered?
A: The adapter gets power from the 12V DC output from the OBD-II port.
Q: Does my Arduino needs power from somewhere in the car?
A: The adapter provides regulated 5V output for powering Arduino and other devices, so no extra power cord is needed.
Q: Do I need a CAN bus shield to use with the adapter?
A: Definitely no. The adapter retrieves data from CAN bus, like a CAN bus shield does and convert the more complicated CAN bus interface to simple serial UART interface which Arduino and most embedded systems are easy to access. The data connection is provided by adapter’s data connector (Rx and Tx).
Q: How do I connect the adapter with my Arduino?
A: The adapter works with all models of Arduino with the dedicated Arduino library and is connected with Arduino by connecting adapter’s Tx to Arduino’s Rx (D0) and adapter’s Rx to Arduino’s Tx (D1). If you want to connect and disconnect the adapter with your Arduino effortlessly, it’s recommended to use a common I/O breakout shield or use an Arduino board with breakout pins for Rx/Tx/VCC/GND.
Q: Is the power provided by the adapter always available in car?
A: This depends on whether the OBD-II port of your car still has power after ignition is off. Actually it is so with most cars.
Q: What’s the maximum frequency of data polling?
A: The OBD-II PIDs are polled one after another. The time for a polling depends on the speed of car’s ECU computer and how busy the computer is in different status. With a typical modern car with CAN bus, the time can be as low as 10ms. In other word, up to 100 times of data polling can be done in one second.